Pollinators and Pesticides - A look at modern Neurotoxins
Pesticides and Pollinators - A look at Modern Neurotoxins (ppt file)- Slide presentation by Gary Rondeau prepared for 2014 SAVE the BEES event. ppt file has comment for many slides that will aid in understanding the presentation. PDF version does not have comments.
What started out as a bit of curiosity about the time-dependent toxicity of insecticides led to a blog piece I did a little over a year ago titled Time-dependent Toxicity of Imidacloprid in Bees and Ants. I thought my results were interesting enough to get a comment from other scientists that were looking at the time-dependent toxicity question so I sent out the link to a few. With the encouragement of especially Dr.Fransico Sanchez-Bayo at the University of Sydney in Austrailia, I went ahead expanded the research and we turned that blog post into a paper. I am especaily grateful to my co-authors, especially Fransico Sanchez-Bayo and Nicolas Desneux, who shepparded the manuscript through the journal submission and review process.
So please take a look at the real thing. We were published in Nature’s online publication Scientific Reports.
Delayed and time-cumulative toxicity of imidacloprid in bees, ants and termites,
Gary Rondeau, Francisco Sanchez-Bayo, Henk A. Tennekes, Axel Decourtye,
Ricardo Ramırez-Romero & Nicolas Desneux, Scientific Reports 07/2014; 4(5566):8. DOI: 10.1038/srep05566
Research out of the Netherlands, to be published tomorrow (7.10.2014) in the prestigious journal Nature, demonstrates a strong correlation between the decline of insect-eating bird species and presence of neonics in the environment. Comparable declines in bird species did not take place in the same areas before neonics were used, nor does it take place today even on farmland where bird habitat is undermined but neonic contamination is lower. Co-authors Caspar A. Hallmann, Ruud P. B. Foppen,Chris A. M. van Turnhout,Hans de Kroon & Eelke Jongejans speculate that neonics deplete food sources for several bird species through the sustained poisoning of non-target insects:
“Our results suggest that the impact of neonicotinoids on the natural environment is even more substantial than has recently been reported and is reminiscent of the effects of persistent insecticides in the past. Future legislation should take into account the potential cascading effects of neonicotinoids on ecosystems.”
In the wake of two recent bumblebee die offs in Eugene and Portland resulting from pesticide poisoning, it is especially important to report suspected pesticide poisonings to the Oregon Department of Agriculture.
Two years ago I made poster for our educational bee event called Keeping our Bees Alive – The Challenges. At that time we knew that the neonicotinoid insecticides were likely a big problem, but we had a hard time figuring out why sometimes the bees seemed to tolerate the pesticides and other times bee colonies with a modest exposure could collapse. The multi-factor nature of the problem was apparent, and is illustrated in that poster.
This year I concentrated on what we have learned in the last two years that can help us solve the colony collapse puzzle. This year, Pollinator Peril – Reserach Highlights presented research that shows how the neonicotinoids interact syynergiysticly with common bee pathogens, making the bees much more suseptible to natural diseases. This research goes a long way to explaining why there can be such a variable response to neonicotinoid exposure, since it is usually the pathogens that kill the bees in colony collapse, not the neonicotinoids directly, and the pathogens need to be present as well as the insecticide for devestating losses.
The poster can be viewed here: Pollinator Peril – Reserach Highlights
Live links to the original research and referenced papers are provided below.
Send a message to the Environmental Protection Agency through this Pesticide Action Network campaign to get EPA administrator Gina McCarthy to ban “neonics” now rather than waiting until 2018, which is the current plan.
The data is there: there is no reason to let bees and native pollinators continue to die for the next four years.
This from John Jordan, Communication Director for Beyond Toxics:
Eugene’s City Council Wednesday night voted to ban the use of neonicotinoid pesticides on city property. Council Resolution 5101 also expands the current Pesticide-Free Parks program and requires all city departments to adopt the same IPM standards and protocols as the City’s Parks and Open Space Division.
The Eugene City Council resolution, the only one of its kind in the nation, passed by unanimous consent in a council work session. The language of the resolution specifically includes a strong concern for children’s health as well as protecting bees and a host of other pollinators in Eugene’s environment.
Click here is the text of the ordinance.
Now if we could only stop selling neonics as well: but there are steps in the right direction. This past Monday, February 24, the Save Oregon Pollinators Act (HB 4139-3 amended) passed 27-2. The bill now goes to the Governor’s desk where he is expected to sign it into law.
Important: The bill requires all pesticide applicators to take a course and pass a test on Bee Health and Pesticides, and establishes a Task Force instructed to bring further bee protection legislation to the 2015 Legislature.
Thus the bill takes proactive steps to prevent pesticide operators’ performing uneducated acts of label violation like that which killed 50,000 bumblebees in a mall parking lot in which linden trees were sprayed while in bloom last year.
Jerry’s Home Improvement Center in Eugene responded to concerns of beekeepers regarding the sale of neonicotinoid insecticides by examining the data and taking action– placing products containing these pesticides on the back shelves of their garden area, along with pamphlets outlining the dangers of these pesticides to pollinators.
Thank you to locally owned Jerry’s! We need more responsible home and garden retailers to follow their example and that of retailers in the UK who refuse to sell these pesticides.